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Karl Marx

Page history last edited by Ido Bar 14 years, 8 months ago


marx-bio.jpg (9551 bytes)

Karl Marx was a historian and philospoher, but he is now remembered as the most important social scientist to ever live.  Born in Germany in 1818, Marx studied early on in the Faculty of Law and then spent his college years at the University of Berlin.  He was a member of the Young Hegalian group there who made a huge critique of the religion of christianity.  Then he moved to Brussels in 1844 where he studied history and made a famous historic monuscript.  This document was based on the fact that "the nature of individuals depends on the material conditions determining their production" (http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/marx.html).  Also, he wrote an article named "The Poverty of Philosophy" which had views directly against socialism.  Marx's major work, however was done in 1857, "The Outlines", which centered around capital, landed property, wage labor, the state, foreign trade, and the world market.  Unfortunately, Marx's health worsened in his last few years, yet he still managed to put his views in on the topic of contemporary politics.  Then Marx died on March 14, 1883, but his views will be forever remembered through Marxism.











The previous section briefly touched on the early years of Karl Marx’s education in this section we will go into greater detail on his upbringing and earl years.  For the first thirteen years of his life Karl Marx was educated at his home in Trier, Germany.  Marx graduated from the gymnasium (which provided a secondary education for Marx) in Trier.  Marx enlisted in the University of Bonn at the mere age of seventeen in 1835.  His real passion at the time was Philosophy and Literature but his father didn’t think that was a practical subject, his father demanded that he study Law.  Against his own will Marx began to study law.  When at Bonn University Marx joined the equivalent of a modern day frat house, the Trier Tavern Club Drinking Society.  This didn’t help his academic career, especially when he became the president of the Society.  Eventually, when Marx’s grades began to drop his father transferred him to a more serious university in Berlin.  If it wasn’t for this change Marx would  most likely have persisted in his degree in law but in Berlin he began to veer away from practicing Law and begun to study his real passion philosophy and history.  Although Marx was spending a lot of the time concentrating on his studies he was also writing poems about life.  One of Marx’s great influences throughout his years spent in Berlin studying philosophy was Voltaire, Marx had read most all of his works and was very knowledgeable on his ideas.  In 1841 Marx received his doctorate, his thesis was on The Difference between the Democritean and Epicurean Philosophy of Nature, and because of his reputation in Berlin being a part of The Young Hegelians Club he submitted his thesis to the University of Jena.


His wife and kids died and he was buried high grade cemetery in North London 




Karl Marx in his earlier years.













(video which talked about his ealry life and behavior in University)




(stanfords encyclopedia)




(The Communist Manifesto, his most famous book, read for a feel of his work)





Communism has always been a subject that has sparked some sort of controversy and Marxism has been criticized very often over history. The main areas of Marxism that were criticized concerned the theory itself, the different interpretations and the upgrades that were made to it; it came from both sides, right wing and left wing both had something to say against it. The democratic socialists and social democrats often rejected the idea that socialism could only be reached though violent lower class revolutions and conflict. The anarchists thought that it didn’t need a transition of such order. A couple supporters of Karl Marx went to say that even though many faces of the Marxist theory are perfectly viable, the general idea of it doesn’t deal effectively with other faces concerning economics, politics or the social theory.

Nick’s sources -  http://wsu.edu/~delahoyd/marxist.crit.html

                        -  http://www.enotes.com/twentieth-century-criticism/marxist-criticism


Marx-Engels Monument in Berlin. 

Marx-Engels Monument in Berlin. 




End of life of Karl marx

The revolutionary atmosphere in Germany in 1848, enabled Marx to return to Cologne and revive his newspaper, now under the title Neue Rheinische Zeitung, but in 1849 he was expelled. He then settled in London, where he spent most of the remainder of his life, studying in the British Museum. His most important theoretical work was Das Capital, an analysis of the economics of capitalism. He also became the leading spirit of the International Men’s Association, subsequently known as the First International. Most of his life was spent in poverty that was only partially alleviated by the benefactions of friends and relatives. Also his marxist ideas had influenced certain mindes in universities, whcih lead to the conservation of his ideas.




- http://www.forma-mentis.net/Filosofia/Marx.html (online source in italian language)

- picture from : http://wqxt.com/Karl%20Marx%20hidden%20habd.jpg




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Karl Marx's Influence


After his death and throughout his life, Karl Marx has had an enormous influence on society.

Firstly, and most importantly, Marxism. Karl Marx, along with Friedrich Engels, invented developed the political philosophy Marxism. Marxism had, and still has a great influence on society.

Moreover, six years after Karl Marx's death, Friedrich Engels and others formed the Second International, which was a continuation of the International Workingmen's Association [First International], in which Marx took a major role.

Furthermore, Marx's campaign and words served as a fundamental and significant starting point for Lenin, who was a very influential man in Russia.


Marx and Engles [statue in Budapest]


picture source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f0/Budamarxeng.jpg




















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