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Che Guevera

Page history last edited by jonathan christian 13 years, 6 months ago

Early life and childhood 

 

 

     Born on June 14th 1928, Ernesto 'Che' Guevara was brought up in Rosario, a town in Argentina. He was the first of 5 children, in a middle/upper class family. He later developed an acute asthmatic condition, which made the family move to Cordoba, since the climate over there was much dryer which was essential to keep his condition under control. Che had the privilege of having a family that could afford a home library, and used that privilege to his advantage as he read the teachings of Freud and Marx in his teenage years. He attends the University of Buenos Aires where he studies medicine, he is later drafted, but his condition excuses him from military service. He later goes on a said “4000 miles” journey alone in Argentina on a moped, where he meets the several indigenous tribes and experiences the poverty and the feeling of the lower classes. Che qualifies as a Doctor in 1953, with a specialization in dermatology; it is around this time that he was exposed to the worker’s reform following the Bolivian National Revolution. Another Event that he witnessed was the overthrowing of the radical socialist government of Jacobo Arbenz by USA-supported Castillo forces. He makes his first encounter with Fidel Castro in Mexico City through Hilda Gadea, which he later marries.

 

 

The July 26 movement 

 

File:M-26-7.svg

The July 26 movement was a group of people Including Che guevarra, Fidel Castro and his younger brother Raul castro, They were named after the attack of the Moncada Barracks led by Fidel Castro on July 26 1953. The july 26 Movement boarded on the Granma, 80 men sailed from Veracruz to Cuba, as they landed, most of the men were killed. Only 16 out of the 80 men survived with only 12 weapons, the survivors set up a camp in the Sierra Maestra mountains and started using Guerrilla warfare against the Cuban army with the help of some of the locals. The July 26 movement's plans were to overthrow Fulgencio Batista, the military leader of Cuba.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The flag of the July 26 movement.           

 

Sources: http://www.popsubculture.com/pop/bio_project/ernesto_che_guevara.html

              http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/COLDguevara.htm alex badin

              http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/611045/26th-of-July-Movement alex badin


Later Life and Career

         When Che met Fidel Castro after being arrested together in 1955, he joined his revolutionary army in order to overthrow Batista's government in Cuba. In December 1956, soon after his encounter with Castro, with the objective of annihilating Batista and his followers, Che Guevara and other guerrillas invaded central Cuba under Fidel Castro. Despite the fact that Che Guevera was a rather violent man, he was still greatly respected by many and eventually rose up in his career and gained fame as the top rank in major in Castro's revolutionary government. He was anti-capitalism and anti-imperialism, and worked alongside with other guerrillas to liberalize Cuba from a corrupted and US controlled government. He strongly believed that capitalism, as well as imperialism was wrong and wanted the best for those less privilaged whom he witnessed throughout his expei (Fidel Castro & Che Guevera)  

http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/guevar.htm

http://www.moreorless.au.com/heroes/guevara.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che_Guevara

http://img.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2008/02_03/Che&CasL1902_468x274.jpg (image)

 

Capturing and Execution of Che Guevara:

 

On October 7th, the Bolivian Special forces found Che Guevara’s guerilla camping in the Yuro ravine, where he was wounded and taken as prisoner. He was tied up and transported to a mud schoolhouse in a village nearby Higuera on the night of October 7th. For the next day and a half, Guevara refused to speak to the Bolivian authorities, and would only whisper things to the soldiers, who even though his conditions very bad, described him as having a piercing look, and keeping his head high. Even being tied up, Guevara kicked Bolivian officer Espinosa against the wall, and spat in the face of a Bolivian Rear Admiral, insulting them both. The following morning, a bit before his execution, Guevara asked to see the town’s school teacher, Julia Cortez. The woman admitted not being able to look into his eyes, since they were so powerful. During their short conversation, Guevara complained to the teacher, that the school was not good enough for children to learn in, and that while the government drove around in their Mercedes, these children were receiving a poor education, and this was the cause they had to fight for. Later in the morning, on October 9th, the Bolivian president ordered for Guevara to be killed, in a way to make appear that he had been shot in action during a clash with the Bolivian army, to make his wounds appear consistent with the story the government planned to release. Finally, right before being executed, the executor asked Guevara if he was thinking about his own immortality, and he replied: “No, I’m thinking about the immortality of the revolution”, since he had participated in many movements of revolt, such as the Cuban Revolution he decided to die remaining loyal to his cause. He was then executed, being shot nine times.

BY: GIULIA  PIGNATTI

 

 

Pictured Above: Che Guevara

 

SOURCES (By: Giulia Pignatti):

 

 

 

Che, after 40 years of his execution, there still remains a legacy, acknowledged by the people of Latin America and  the world. Some think Guevara as a hero. Nelson Mandela, also an inspiration to the world, said he is “an inspiration to every human being who loves freedom”. In Cuba Che is a national hero. The students in school every morning pledge “I will be like Che” and the $3 Cuba pesos has his face on it. In Argentina, there are numerous museums around the country focused on him and in 2008 they had finished a 12 foot statue of him in his birth city of Rosario.

He is not an inspiration to everyone though. Dictators have theorized that che-inspired revolutions, for example the cuban revolutions, had a result of reinforcing of mass killings and conflict. He also remained a hated figure among many in the Cuban exile community. They call him the “butcher of la cabana”.

Today, the face of Che Guevara’s is one of the world’s merchandized images, found on t-shirts, hats, posters and tattoo’s and many more.

What Che did for what he believed in was amazing. There are only few characters in the world like him and not many people can describe something like he went through. He stuck for what he wanted and never gave up, and that’s why today he is a worldwide inspiration.

 

sources:

 Che's Second Coming? by David Rieff, November 20, 2005, New York Times

Moynihan 2006. eople's Weekly 2004.

 

Argentina pays belated homage to "Che" Guevara by Helen Popper, Reuters, June 14, 2008

Statue for Che's '80th birthday' by Daniel Schweimler, BBC News, June 15, 2008

On a tourist trail in Bolivia's hills, Che's fame lives on By Hector Tobar, Los Angeles Times, October 17, 2004

Schipani 2007.

 

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